Gardens have evolved into a variety of styles with different purposes, including strolling gardens for Recreation and Dry Stone Gardens for the religious use by Zen monks. The Three Great Gardens of Japan are considered to include Kenroku-en in Kanazawa, Koraku-en in Okayama and Kairaku-en in Mito.
Shimabara town is overlooked by the sloping Mt. Inou. Row upon row of houses have retreated to its mountainside since times of class distinction. Significantly lower yes righteously disposed is the towering Shimabara castle. A short stroll to the samurai residence, the bukeyashiki of Shimabara, shows that those lower than the daimyo lord once lived higher than him.